The Union general Benjamin Franklin Butler claimed to be the first to apply the term “contraband” to escaped slaves in May 1861. Read the Entry »

Convict leasing came to an end in South Carolina in the 1890s. Its origins lay in the economic demands of a war-torn region and in whites’ desire to use the state’s criminal justice system to control a newly emancipated black population. Changing economic circumstances in the 1890s robbed leasing of its financial appeal. Read the Entry »

In 1907 Cooke took a three-day federal civil service examination in Boston (blacks were not allowed to take the test in Washington, D.C.). He passed and was assigned to the office of the supervising architect at the United States Treasury Department, the first black man to be employed there. Read the Entry »

Crum also enjoyed close relations with nationally prominent African Americans, such as the Washington, D.C., businessman Whitefield McKinlay and the newspaper editors Harry Smith and T. Thomas Fortune. Read the Entry »

Brown’s intense, shouting rhythm-and-blues vocal style remained rooted in gospel but was also distinguished by his unusual rolling of consonants. Read the Entry »

Dabbs was also one of the South’s principal twentieth-century Christian churchmen and theologians, although he never claimed this distinction for himself. He certainly was the chief lay theologian of his denomination, the Presbyterian Church of the United States. Read the Entry »

Ron Daise and Natalie Daise, his wife since 1985, have tirelessly performed the program Sea Island Montage, a multimedia theater performance that combines photographs, storytelling, song, and dance. Read the Entry »

To further attract industry, Daniel helped establish the State Development Board in 1945. Believing that South Carolina’s key industrial advantage was a union-free workforce, Daniel backed the state’s 1954 right-to-work law. Read the Entry »

Daufuskie Island planters raised indigo in the eighteenth century and Sea Island cotton during the antebellum period. After the Civil War, Daufuskie’s economy was based on cotton, lumber, and oysters. Read the Entry »

Although he learned some of Walker’s repertoire, Davis crafted his own style and is considered to be a progenitor rather than a follower of the “Piedmont” blues sound that developed in the Southeast. Read the Entry »