The town of Hamburg was one of South Carolina’s primary interior markets during much of the antebellum era. Read the Entry »

The massacre put into perspective numerous features of post–Civil War South Carolina, including the tensions between—and the growing militancy of— local whites and African Americans. Read the Entry »

In 1912 Hancock became the principal of Seneca Institute, a private coeducational school for African Americans in Oconee County. Stressing vocational education, this facility was modeled closely after Booker T. Washington’s Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. Read the Entry »

Harleston was a founding member of the Charleston chapter of the NAACP in 1917 and served as its first president; by the 1920s he had also established a solid reputation as a portrait artist. Read the Entry »

The Quaker Oats Company hired Harrington to travel nationwide portraying “Aunt Jemima” and ultimately made her a national celebrity. Read the Entry »

In his earlier poetry, Hayes frequently chose subjects—popular culture, music, sports, racism—and explored how each shapes black identity. More recently, however, he has moved beyond those concerns to more universally existential matters. Read the Entry »

He represented Marion County in the state Senate from 1868 to 1872, and as South Carolina’s secretary of state from 1872 to 1877. He was also the first black student in the history of the University of South Carolina and inaugurated the institution’s first attempt at integration. Read the Entry »

In 1920, with John Bennett and Hervey Allen, Heyward founded the Poetry Society of South Carolina, an organization that initiated the great southern literary renaissance of the early twentieth century. Read the Entry »

During his tenure as state conference president, Hinton led the exponential expansion of the NAACP in South Carolina, taking the struggle for black civil rights into the cities, towns, cotton fields, and rural county churches of South Carolina. Read the Entry »

In 1958 HCF was the first preservation group in the country to establish a revolving fund for the purchase and restoration of historic properties. Read the Entry »