The state’s population doubled between 1790 and 1820 as upland cotton spurred development in the Piedmont. Read the Entry »

The Port Royal Experiment, also called the Sea Island Experiment, was an early humanitarian effort to prepare the former slaves of the South Carolina Sea Islands for inclusion as free citizens in American public life. Read the Entry »

The very existence of praise houses in South Carolina indicates that masters failed in their attempt to make the plantation a completely closed system. Read the Entry »

The colonists first learned of this purported slave conspiracy on May 20, 1720, when a black man named Andrew addressed the South Carolina Commons House. Read the Entry »

The perfection of tidal culture in the late eighteenth century transformed Georgetown and its environs into the principal rice-producing area in the United States, with African slaves approaching ninety percent of the population of Prince George Winyah by 1810. Read the Entry »

The whites of Prince William’s Parish overwhelmingly supported the nullification movement in 1832, and the region continued to be a center of secession sentiment throughout the antebellum period. Read the Entry »

Aware that many white Democrats in South Carolina opposed President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s reelection to a fourth term in 1944, African American activists sought to demonstrate their loyalty to the national party by mobilizing black support for the president. Read the Entry »

From its inception, residents of Promised Land exerted a significant influence over the political, economic, and social life of rural Abbeville and Greenwood Counties. Read the Entry »

Despite the history of neglect, South Carolina’s public health history contains its share of heroic practitioners and public-spirited health officers who fought against great odds to improve the health of their communities. Read the Entry »

Rainey was the first black man to serve in the U.S. House of Representatives. Read the Entry »