During the latter years of the Revolutionary War in South Carolina, British commanders used African American slaves, freemen, and refugees in a variety of military capacities. Although employed primarily as laborers, black Carolinians occasionally were armed by the British and used in combat. Read the Entry »

Destined to become one of the most popular stops on the national steeplechase circuit, the Carolina Cup is among the oldest surviving race meets in America and the largest in terms of faithful fans. Read the Entry »

From seed to table, Carolina gold was the domain of the enslaved. Read the Entry »

The ubiquitous I-house had become the symbol of economic success in the rural landscape of South Carolina’s upcountry by the middle of the nineteenth century and remained so well into the early twentieth century. Read the Entry »

Like all mantises, the state insect is called a “praying mantis,” from the way it holds up its enormous front legs, as if in an attitude of prayer. Read the Entry »

Several theories exist regarding what caused the extinction of the species, including hunting, loss of mature swamp forests, competition with imported honeybees for nest holes, reduced food supply, and disease. Read the Entry »

Due to its location, the refuge is home to a variety of plants, animals, and habitat types characteristic of both the Atlantic coastal plain and the Piedmont Plateau. The rolling sandhills and deep sandy soils are remnants of an ancient coastal shoreline of the Atlantic Ocean. Read the Entry »

The adult male can attain nearly an inch in body length, while the female can be an inch or more. Instead of catching prey in webs, wolf spiders are ground hunters that pounce on insects, kill with venomous bites, then consume their victims. Read the Entry »

The Carolina wren is a small, energetic bird, five to six inches in length, frequenting human dwellings and gardens, as well as wild habitats. Read the Entry »

Throughout Carroll’s public career, his sharp intellect and stirring oratory commanded large audiences across the state. Read the Entry »