Unlike other cotton mills in Columbia that used steam or hydroelectric power, Olympia had its own coal-fired electrical plant that supplied electricity to Olympia and Whaley’s three other mills, as well as the Columbia Street Railway Power Company. Read the Entry »

Omar was one of many African Muslims who were captured and taken to the Americas but whom have not been adequately studied. Unfortunately, there are no details on his capture; many Muslim Fulbe believe that you do not retell the story of difficult times if you want Allah (God) to give you blessings for that suffering. Read the Entry »

“Road shows” that traveled the country provided dramatic productions, musical comedies, operas, minstrel shows, and other live entertainment. Columbia’s opera house booked Broadway hits and stars such as Sarah Bernhardt, Ethel Barrymore, Lillian Russell, and Nat Goodwin. Read the Entry »

Operation Lost Trust was arguably South Carolina’s largest and longest-running political scandal. Read the Entry »

Opportunity Schools were patterned after Cora Wilson Stewart’s Moonlight Schools in Kentucky and named after Emily Griffith’s Opportunity School in Denver, Colorado. Inspired in part by the Danish “folk school” concept, the South Carolina Opportunity Schools were based on the premise that a central place was needed where students could learn in an environment free from the pressures of grades, academic standing, degrees, and exams. Read the Entry »

The drama of Reconstruction and the New South played out in microcosm in Orangeburg. Spurred by the resistance of white planters to their new status as free laborers, three black delegates from Orangeburg attended the Colored Peoples Convention in Charleston in November 1865 to petition Congress and the General Assembly for redress against the repressive Black Codes, an action that precipitated Radical Reconstruction. Read the Entry »

In 1900 the county produced 65,000 bales of cotton on 118,000 acres of land, and in 1918 Orangeburg was the nation’s second ranking county in cotton production. However, shared attachment to cotton production did not create unity among blacks and whites. Read the Entry »

The shooting occurred after three nights of escalating racial tension over efforts by South Carolina State students and others to desegregate the All Star Bowling Lanes. On Monday night, January 29, 1968, six black students entered the bowling alley. Read the Entry »

The Orangeburg Scarp represents the limit of the ocean during the middle Pliocene epoch. As Earth’s climate changed over time, and as the processes of plate tectonics produced more or less lava on Earth’s surface, sea levels rose and fell repeatedly over millions of years. Read the Entry »

A few English-speaking non-German settlers were present in the area from the early 1730s, but active settlement began in 1735, when the first organized immigration of 220 German-Swiss settlers arrived. Read the Entry »