Ravenel, Harriott Horry Rutledge
Though she wrote poetry, brief essays, and stories on other subjects, Ravenel’s major works focused on southern history and manners.
Novelist, biographer, historian. Ravenel was born on August 12, 1832, in Charleston, the daughter of Edward Cotesworth Rutledge and Rebecca Motte Lowndes. In her youth, she received private tutoring at her home in Charleston and attended Madame Talvande’s prestigious female academy. On March 20, 1851, she married a prominent physician, St. Julien Ravenel, with whom she would have nine children. During the Civil War her husband oversaw a Confederate hospital and medical laboratory, and she accompanied him to Columbia. While her husband was away on Confederate business, Ravenel resisted Sherman’s soldiers and protected her home from fire, prompting Mary Chesnut to write in her diary, “Mrs. St. Julien . . . actually awed the Yankees into civil behavior.” Ravenel’s brief memoir, “When Columbia Burned,” was presented as a speech to the Daughters of the Confederacy and appeared several years later in South Carolina Women in the Confederacy.
Though she wrote poetry, brief essays, and stories on other subjects, Ravenel’s major works focused on southern history and manners. Her most successful piece of fiction, Ashurst; or “The Days That Are Not,” fondly depicted antebellum lifestyles and landscapes. The novelette was featured as the prize story in the Charleston Weekly News under the pen name Mrs. H. Hilton Broom before being published in book form in 1879. Ravenel’s other major works were born of her interest in preserving state and family history. A descendant of the statesmen John Rutledge and William Lowndes and a relative of the famed Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Ravenel drew on her “intimate knowledge of family history and traditions” as well as letters, journals, and archives to shape her writings.
In 1896, as part of a national series entitled “Women of Colonial and Revolutionary Times,” Ravenel published a brief biography, Eliza Pinckney, to preserve the achievements of her great-great-grandmother. Five years later she published Life and Times of William Lowndes of South Carolina, 1782–1822 as a tribute to her maternal grandfather, who served in Congress with John Calhoun and Langdon Cheves. Her final work, Charleston: The Place and the People, appeared in 1906, tracing the history of her native city from its lively colonial past to the Civil War era. While Ravenel’s works received many favorable contemporary reviews, her books were also noted for reflecting a “sympathetic interest” and “uncritical” perspective. Ravenel observed the difficulty of writing history that held such deeply personal meaning for the author. In her recollection of Columbia’s burning, she humbly offered her vantage point as one of many that sought to contribute “a real and correct picture in true and perfect proportions.” Characterized as “a great lady of the Old South,” Ravenel worked devotedly on her last publication even while in feeble health. She died in Charleston on July 2, 1912, and was buried in Magnolia Cemetery.
Ravenel, Harriott Horry. Ashurst; or, “The Days That Are Not”: The Prize Story from the Charleston Weekly News. Charleston, S.C.: News and Courier Book Presses, 1879.
–––. Charleston: The Place and the People. New York: Macmillan, 1906.
–––. Papers. South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston.
–––. “When Columbia Burned.” In South Carolina Women in the Confederacy, edited by Mrs. Thomas Taylor. Vol. 1. Columbia, S.C.: State Company, 1903.